1 low land that is seasonally flooded; has more woody plants than a marsh and better drainage than a bog [syn: swampland]
2 a situation fraught with difficulties and imponderables; "he was trapped in a medical swamp"
1 drench or submerge or be drenched or submerged; "The tsunami swamped every boat in the harbor" [syn: drench]
2 fill quickly beyond capacity; as with a liquid; "the basement was inundated after the storm"; "The images flooded his mind" [syn: deluge, flood, inundate]
- Rhymes: -ɒmp
type of wetland
- Bosnian: močvara
- Croatian: močvara
- Dutch: moeras
- Estonian: soo, raba
- Finnish: suo, räme
- French: marécage, marais
- German: Sumpf, Moor
- Japanese: 沼地 (ぬまち, numachi), 湿地 (しっち, shicchi)
- Latvian: purvs
- Old Church Slavonic:
- Portuguese: pântano
- Spanish: embalsadero, pantano, ciénaga
- Swedish: myr , kärr , sumpmark , mosse
- To overwhelm; to
make too busy or overrun capacity.
- I have been swamped with paperwork ever since they started using the new system.
New York Times,
- Mr. Spitzer’s defeat of his Democratic opponent ... ended a primary season in which Hillary Rodham Clinton swamped an antiwar challenger for renomination to the Senate.
- Portuguese: afundar
A swamp is a wetland that features temporary or permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hammocks, or dry-land protrusions, and covered by aquatic vegetation, or vegetation that tolerates periodical inundation. The water of a swamp may be fresh water or salt water. A swamp is also generally defined as having no substantial peat deposits.
In North America, swamps are usually regarded as including a large amount of woody vegetation, but elsewhere this may not necessarily apply, such as in African swamps dominated by papyrus. By contrast a marsh in North America is a wetland without woody vegetation, or elsewhere, a wetland without woody vegetation which is shallower and has less open water surface than a swamp. A mire (or quagmire) is a low-lying wetland of deep, soft soil or mud that sinks underfoot.
GeologySwamps are generally characterised by very slow-moving waters. They are usually associated with adjacent rivers or lakes. In some cases, rivers become swamps for a distance. Swamps are features of areas with very low topographic relief, although they may be surrounded by mountains. Lily pads and cat tails.
EcologySwamps are characterised by rich biodiversity and specialised organisms such as frogs. For instance, southeastern U.S. swamps, such as those mentioned above, feature trees such as the Bald cypress and Water tupelo, which are adapted to growing in standing water, and animals such as the American alligator. A common species name in biological nomenclature is the Latin palustris, meaning "of the swamp". Examples of this are Quercus palustris (pin oak) and Thelypteris palustris (marsh fern).
DrainingSwamps were historically often drained to provide additional land for agriculture, and to reduce the threat of diseases born by swamp insects and similar animals. Swamps were generally seen as useless and even dangerous. This practice of swamp draining is nowadays seen as a destruction of a very valuable ecological habitat type of which large tracts have already disappeared in many countries.
In IraqThe Tigris-Euphrates river system is a large swamp and river system in southern Iraq, inhabited in part by the Marsh Arabs. It was partly drained by Saddam Hussein in the 1990s in retaliation against the Shiite tribes' revolt against his dictatorship.
In the United StatesThe most famous swamps in the United States are the Everglades, Okefenokee Swamp and the Great Dismal Swamp. The Okefenokee is located in extreme southeastern Georgia and extends slightly into northeastern Florida. The Great Dismal Swamp lies in extreme southeastern Virginia and extreme northeastern North Carolina. Both are National Wildlife Refuges. Another swamp area, Reelfoot Lake of extreme western Tennessee, was created by the New Madrid earthquake of 1812. Caddo Lake, the Great Dismal and Reelfoot are swamps that are centered at large lakes. Swamps are often called bayous in the southeastern United States, especially in the Gulf Coast region.
List of major swamps
- Atchafalaya National Wildlife Refuge, Louisiana, United States
- Big Cypress National Preserve, Florida, United States
- Great Black Swamp, United States
- Great Cypress Swamp, Maryland, United States, also known as Great Pocomoke Swamp
- Great Dismal Swamp, United States
- Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, New Jersey, United States
- Honey Island Swamp, Louisiana, United States
- Limberlost, Indiana, United States
- Louisiana swamplands, Louisiana, United States
- Okefenokee Swamp, Georgia/Florida, United States
- Reelfoot Lake, United States
- Everglades, Florida, United States
swamp in Bosnian: Močvara
swamp in Chinese: 沼泽
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